|The University of Latvia
The University of Latvia was founded on September 28, 1919 as the successor to the former Riga Polytechnic. Between 1919 and 1940 the University of Latvia was the greatest centre of higher education, science and culture in the country. Today the University of Latvia can be proud of the recognition its academic and professional education receives from all over the world. The university has entered bilateral partnership agreements within several university networks, and participates in numerous international projects. Cooperation in research has therefore been very active and productive. There are 13 faculties at the University of Latvia: Biology, Chemistry, Economics and Management, Education and Psychology, Geography and Earth Sciences, History and Philosophy, Law, Medicine, Modern Languages, Philology, Physics and Mathematics, Social Sciences, and Theology. At the University of Latvia, research is conducted in over 50 branches of science by over 2,000 lecturers. The number of students enrolled there is currently about 25,000.
Riga, the capital city of Latvia, is situated on the Baltic Sea coast, on the mouth of the River Daugava. Approximately 750,000 inhabitants call Riga their home, making it the largest city in the three Baltic States. Riga was officially founded in 1201 and flourished right from the start, due to its position as a centre of trade and link between East and West. As a matter of course, Riga also became a prospering member of the Hanseatic League. The city experienced a second major heyday during its rapid industrialisation at the beginning of the 20th century, when it was one of the main seaports of the Russian Empire, to which it belonged at that time. Visitors who came to the city in those days often called it the "Paris of the North", referring to the elegant and vibrant lifestyle that was enjoyed by the city’s inhabitants. The results of this Golden Age are still on display for all to admire today: the Art Nouveau architecture, which can be found in several streets in the city centre, is an outstanding example of the artistic creativity with which Riga was - and still is - blessed. It is also blessed with a rich contemporary cultural life: not many evenings pass in Riga without either a musical or theatrical performance - or both - taking place.