Grazed subalpine forest in Bale Mountains, Ethiopia
This is a joint forest management area since 1997. It is inhabited by Bale Oromo who were originally transhumant pastoralists, but have become settled. Grazing pressure is constantly high and almost no regeneration of trees occur, at the same time as old trees are cut down for construction and fence making. It is a diverse beautiful silvipastoral landscape with high biodiversity, but continued current landuse would eventually eradicate the forest. Excluding livestock for forest regeneration is very difficult and might lead to surface fuel build-up and devastating wildfires.