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Author (up) Prishchepov, A.V.; Radeloff, V.C.; Baumann, M.; Kuemmerle, T.; Müller, D. openurl 
  Title Effects of institutional changes on land use: agricultural land abandonment during the transition from state-command to market-driven economies in post-Soviet Eastern Europe Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Environmental Research Letters Abbreviated Journal Environ. Res. Lett.  
  Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 024021  
  Keywords agricultural land abandonment; institutional change; land-use and; land-cover change; transition; post-socialist; Ussr; remote sensing; support vector machines; Cover Change; Russia; Landscape; Forestry; Sustainability; Fragmentation; Consequences; Management; Lithuania; Farmland  
  Abstract Institutional settings play a key role in shaping land cover and land use. Our goal was to understand the effects of institutional changes on agricultural land abandonment in different countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union after the collapse of socialism. We studied similar to 273 800 km(2) (eight Landsat footprints) within one agro-ecological zone stretching across Poland, Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania and European Russia. Multi-seasonal Landsat TM/ETM+ satellite images centered on 1990 (the end of socialism) and 2000 (one decade after the end of socialism) were used to classify agricultural land abandonment using support vector machines. The results revealed marked differences in the abandonment rates between countries. The highest rates of land abandonment were observed in Latvia (42% of all agricultural land in 1990 was abandoned by 2000), followed by Russia (31%), Lithuania (28%), Poland (14%) and Belarus (13%). Cross-border comparisons revealed striking differences; for example, in the Belarus-Russia cross-border area there was a great difference between the rates of abandonment of the two countries (10% versus 47% of abandonment). Our results highlight the importance of institutions and policies for land-use trajectories and demonstrate that radically different combinations of institutional change of strong institutions during the transition can reduce the rate of agricultural land abandonment (e.g., in Belarus and in Poland). Inversely, our results demonstrate higher abandonment rates for countries where the institutions that regulate land use changed and where the institutions took more time to establish (e.g., Latvia, Lithuania and Russia). Better knowledge regarding the effects of such broad-scale change is essential for understanding land-use change and for designing effective land-use policies. This information is particularly relevant for Northern Eurasia, where rapid land-use change offers vast opportunities for carbon balance and biodiversity, and for increasing agricultural production on previously cultivated lands.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication [Prishchepov, Alexander V.|Mueller, Daniel] Leibniz Inst Agr Dev Cent & Eastern Europe IAMO, D-06120 Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1748-9326 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes ISI Document Delivery No.: 989VZTimes Cited: 0Cited Reference Count: 90Prishchepov, Alexander V. Radeloff, Volker C. Baumann, Matthias Kuemmerle, Tobias Mueller, DanielNASA Land-Cover and Land-Use Change Program; Einstein Foundation in Berlin; European Commission (VOLANTE) [FP7ENV-2010-265104]; University of Wisconsin-Madison International Travel Grant Award; Earth and Space Foundation Award; RD 'Scanex'We gratefully acknowledge support by the NASA Land-Cover and Land-Use Change Program, the Einstein Foundation in Berlin, the European Commission (VOLANTE, FP7ENV-2010-265104), a University of Wisconsin-Madison International Travel Grant Award, the Earth and Space Foundation Award, and the R&D 'Scanex'. We also express our gratitude to I Plytyn who helped during the field visits. We thank A Sieber, C Alcantara and M Dubinin for technical assistance and constructive comments; N Keuler for statistical assistance and A Burnicki, D Lewis, M Ozdogan and P Townsend for their valuable comments on an earlier version of this manuscript. We would also like to thank S van der Linden, A Rabe and P Hostert for sharing the software package imageSVM. We thank three anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments that helped to improve this manuscript.IOP PUBLISHING LTDBRISTOL Approved no  
  Call Number geomatics @ Prishchepov2012 Serial 206  
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