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Author (up) Mertz, O.; Müller, D.; Sikor, T.; Hett, C.; Heinimann, A.; Castella, J.-C.; Lestrelin, G.; Ryan, C.M.; Reay, D.S.; Schmidt-Vogt, D.; Danielsen, F.; Theilade, I.; Noordwijk, M. van; Verchot, L.V.; Burgess, N.D.; Berry, N.J.; Pham, T.T.; Messerli, P.; Xu, J.; Fensholt, R.; Hostert, P.; Pflugmacher, D.; Bruun, T.B.; Neergaard, A. de; Dons, K.; Dewi, S.; Rutishauser, E.; Sun, Z. doi  openurl
  Title The forgotten D: challenges of addressing forest degradation in complex mosaic landscapes under REDD+ Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 112 Issue 1 Pages 63-76  
  Abstract International climate negotiations have stressed the importance of considering emissions from forest degradation under the planned REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation + enhancing forest carbon stocks) mechanism. However, most research, pilot-REDD+ projects and carbon certification agencies have focused on deforestation and there appears to be a gap in knowledge on complex mosaic landscapes containing degraded forests, smallholder agriculture, agroforestry and plantations. In this paper we therefore review current research on how avoided forest degradation '? may affect emissions of greenhouse gases ?' (GHG) and expected co-benefits in terms of biodiversity and livelihoods. There are still high uncertainties in measuring and monitoring emissions of carbon and other GHG from mosaic landscapes with forest degradation since most research has focused on binary analyses of forest vs. deforested land. Studies on the impacts of forest degradation on biodiversity contain mixed results and there is little empirical evidence on the influence of REDD+ on local livelihoods and tenure security, partly due to the lack of actual payment schemes. Governance structures are also more complex in landscapes with degraded forests as there are often multiple owners and types of rights to land and trees. Recent technological advances in remote sensing have improved estimation of carbon stock changes but establishment of historic reference levels is still challenged by the availability of sensor systems and ground measurements during the reference period. The inclusion of forest degradation in REDD+ calls for a range of new research efforts to enhance our knowledge of how to assess the impacts of avoided forest degradation. A first step will be to ensure that complex mosaic landscapes can be recognised under REDD+ on their own merits.  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Routledge Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0016-7223 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number geomatics @ Mertz2012 Serial 233  
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