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Author (up) Knorn, J.; Kuemmerle, T.; Radeloff, V.C.; Szabo, A.; Mindrescu, M.; Keeton, W.S.; Abrudan, I.; Griffiths, P.; Gancz, V.; Hostert, P. openurl 
  Title Forest restitution and protected area effectiveness in post-socialist Romania Type Journal Article
  Year 2012 Publication Biological Conservation Abbreviated Journal Biol Conserv  
  Volume 146 Issue 1 Pages 204-212  
  Keywords protected area; effectiveness; collapse of socialism; forest restitution; illegal logging; deforestation; remote sensing; landsat; central and eastern europe; romania; land-cover classification; carpathian mountains; map accuracy; conservation; biodiversity; management; canada; disturbance; transition; interface  
  Abstract The effectiveness of protected areas can diminish during times of pronounced socio-economic and institutional change. Our goals were to assess the effectiveness of Romanian protected areas at stemming unsanctioned logging, and to assess post-socialist logging in their surrounding landscapes, during a time of massive socio-economic and institutional change. Our results suggest that forest cover remained fairly stable shortly before and after 1990, but forest disturbance rates increased sharply in two waves after 1995 and 2005. We found substantial disturbances inside protected areas, even within core reserve areas. Moreover, disturbances in the matrix surrounding protected areas were even lower than inside protected area boundaries. We suggest that these rates are largely the result of high logging rates, triggered by rapid ownership and institutional changes. These trends compromise the goals of Romania's protected area network, lead to an increasing loss of forest habitat, and more isolated and more fragmented protected areas. The effectiveness of Romania's protected area network in terms of its ability to safeguard biodiversity is therefore most likely decreasing. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Knorn, JHumboldt Univ, Dept Geog, Unter Linden 6, D-10099 Berlin, GermanyHumboldt Univ, Dept Geog, U Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0006-3207 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes 912QITimes Cited:0Cited References Count:75 Approved no  
  Call Number geomatics @ Knorn2012a Serial 257  
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