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Author (up) Gruebner, O.; Khan, M.M.H.; Lautenbach, S.; Mueller, D.; Kraemer, A.; Lakes, T.; Hostert, P. openurl 
  Title A spatial epidemiological analysis of self-rated mental health in the slums of Dhaka Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication International Journal of Health Geographics Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 10 Issue 1 Pages 36  
  Keywords  
  Abstract BACKGROUND:The deprived physical environments present in slums are well-known to have adverse health effects on their residents. However, little is known about the health effects of the social environments in slums. Moreover, neighbourhood quantitative spatial analyses of the mental health status of slum residents are still rare. The aim of this paper is to study self-rated mental health data in several slums of Dhaka, Bangladesh, by accounting for neighbourhood social and physical associations using spatial statistics. We hypothesised that mental health would show a significant spatial pattern in different population groups, and that the spatial patterns would relate to spatially-correlated health-determining factors (HDF).METHODS:We applied a spatial epidemiological approach, including non-spatial ANOVA/ANCOVA, as well as global and local univariate and bivariate Moran's I statistics. The WHO-5 Well-being Index was used as a measure of self-rated mental health.RESULTS:We found that poor mental health (WHO-5 scores  
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  ISSN 1476-072x ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number geomatics @ Gruebner2011a Serial 275  
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