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Author (up) Butsic, V.; Munteanu, C.; Griffiths, P.; Knorn, J.; Radeloff, V.C.; Lieskovský, J.; Mueller, D.; Kuemmerle, T. url  doi
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  Title The effect of protected areas on forest disturbance in the Carpathian Mountains from 1985 to 2010 Type Journal Article
  Year 2017 Publication Conservation Biology Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 31 Issue 3 Pages 570-580  
  Keywords effectiveness; Eastern Europe; matching statistics; postsocialist transition; EU enlargement  
  Abstract Protected areas are a cornerstone for forest protection, but they are not always effective during times of socioeconomic and institutional crises. The Carpathian Mountains in Eastern Europe are an ecologically outstanding region, with widespread semi-natural and old-growth forest. Since 1990, the Carpathian countries (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Ukraine) have experienced economic hardship and institutional changes, including the breakdown of socialism and EU accession, as well as a rapid expansion of protected areas. The question is how protected area effectiveness has varied during these times across the Carpathians given these changes. We analyzed a satellite-based dataset of forest disturbance (i.e., forest loss due to harvesting or natural disturbances) from 1985 to 2010, and employed matching statistics and a fixed effects estimator to quantify the effect of protection on forest disturbance. Overall, we find highly heterogeneous results: protected areas in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and the Ukraine were effective, and the effectiveness of protection increased over time, while the opposite was true in Romania. Older protected areas were more effective in Romania and Hungary, but newer protected areas were more effective in Czech Republic, Poland, and Slovakia. Finally, strict protection (IUCN 1a-II) was not more effective than landscape-level protection (IUCN III-VI). We suggest that the strength of institutions, the differences in forest privatization, forest management, prior distribution of protected areas, and when countries joined the EU may provide explanations for the strikingly heterogeneous effectiveness patterns across countries. Our results highlight how varied the effects of protected areas can be at broad scales, indicating that the effectiveness of protected areas is transitory over time and space, and suggests that generalizations about the effectiveness of protected areas can be misleading. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication University of California Berkeley, Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, 327 M Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 1523-1739 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Butsic, VanMunteanu, CatalinaGriffiths, PatrickKnorn, JanRadeloff, Volker CLieskovsky, JurajMueller, DanielKuemmerle, Tobiaseng2016/09/08 06:00Conserv Biol. 2017 Jun;31(3):570-580. doi: 10.1111/cobi.12835. Epub 2017 Jan 24. Approved no  
  Call Number geomatics @ Butsic2017 Serial 583  
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