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13.11.03
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MßlfrŠ­iheiti

Ýslenska skammst÷fun enska ■řska  
a­alßhersla   main stress Hauptbetonung  
a­alsetning   main clause Hauptsatz  
a­als÷gn   main verb Hauptverb  
afturbeyg­ur   reflexive reflexiv  
afturbeyging   reflexivity Reflexivitńt  
afturbeygt eignarfornafn   reflexive possessive pronoun reflexives Possessivpronomen  
afturbeygt fornafn   reflexiv pronoun Reflexivpronomen  
andlag andl. object Objekt  
atkvŠ­i   syllable Silbe  
atviksor­ ao. adverb Adverb  
aukafall   oblique case obliquer Kasus (nicht Nominativ)  
aukafallsli­ur   oblique case constituent    
aukasetning   subordinate clause Nebensatz  
ßbendingarfornafn   demonstrative pronoun Demonstrativpronomen  
ßhersla   stress, accent Betonung, Akzent  
ßherslulaus   unaccented unbetont  
ßhrifslaus s÷gn   intransitive verb intransitives Verb  
ßhrifss÷gn   transitive verb transitives Verb  
ßkve­inn ßkv. definite bestimmt  
ßkve­inn greinir ßkv.gr. definite article bestimmter Artikel  
ßkve­ni   definiteness Bestimmheit  
bein rŠ­a   direct speech direkte Rede oratio recta
beint andlag   direct object direktes Objekt  
beyging (sagna)   conjugation Konjugation  
beyging (fallor­a)   declension Deklination  
bo­hßttur bh. imperative Imperativ  
brottfall B delection, syncope Synkope  
efsta stig est. superlative degree Superlativ  
eiginnafn   proper name Eigenname nomen proprium
eignarfall ef. genitiv Genitiv  
eignarfornafn efn. posessive pronoun Possessivpronomenn  
einkvŠ­ur   monosyllabic einsilbig  
eintala et. singular Singular  
fall   case Kasus  
fallbeyging   declension Deklination  
fallor­   wordes inflected for case, nominals Nomen  
fleirtala ft. plural Plural  
fleirt÷lunafnor­   pluralia tantum Pluraletantum  
fornafn fn. pronoun Pronomen  
forsetning fs. preposition Prńposition  
forsetningarli­ur   prepositional phrase Prńpositionalphrase  
forskeyti   prefix Prńfix  
frams÷guhßttur fh. indicative mode Indikativ  
framtÝ­   future tense Futur  
frumlag fruml. subject Subjekt  
frumstig fst. positive degree Positiv  
frumtala   cardinal number Kardinalzahl  
fullyr­ingarsetning   declarative sentence Aussagesatz  
gagnkvŠmni   reciprocity Reziprozitńt  
gagnkvŠmur   reciprocal reziprok  
gerandi   agent Agens  
germynd germ. active voice Aktiv  
greinir gr. article Artikel  
hßttur   mood Modus  
hjßlpars÷gn   auxiliary verb Hilfsverb  
hljˇ­skipti   ablaut Ablaut  
hljˇ­varp   umlaut Umlaut  
hljˇ­avÝxl   metathesis Metathese  
horf   aspect Aspekt  
hvorugkyn hk. neuter Neutrum  
i-hljˇ­varp I i-umlaut i-Umlaut  
j-innskot J j-insertion j-Einschub, ja-Stńmme  
karlkyn kk. masculine Maskulinum  
kennifall     Kennform (eines Nomens)  
kennimynd   principal part, canonical form Stammform (eines Verbs)  
kvenkyn kvk. female Femininum  
kyn k. gender Genus  
lenging   lengthening Dehnung  
lřsingarhßttur n˙tÝ­ar lh.nt. present participle Partizip Prńsens  
lřsingarhßttur ■ßtÝ­ar lh.■t. past participle Partizip Perfekt  
lřsingaror­ lo. adjectice Adjektiv  
merking   meaning Bedeutung  
mi­mynd mi­m. middle voice Medium  
mi­myndars÷gn   middle voice verb mediales Verb  
mi­stig mst. comparative degree Komparativ  
mynd   picture Bild  
nafnhßttarmerki   infinitive particle Infinitivzeichen  
nafnhßttur nh. infinitive Infinitiv  
nafnor­ no. noun, substantive Nomen,Substantiv  
nefnifall nf. nominative Nominativ  
neitun   negation Negation  
n˙tÝ­ nt. present tense Prńsens  
n˙■ßleg s÷gn   preterite present verb Prńterito-Prńsentium  
or­ar÷­   word order Wortstellung  
ˇßkve­i­ fornafn   indefinite pronoun Indefinitpronomen  
ˇßkve­inn   indefinite unbestimmt  
ˇbein rŠ­a   indirect speech indirekte Rede oratio obliqua
ˇbeint andlag   indirect object indirektes Objekt  
ˇbeygjanlegur   indeclinable undeklinierbar, indeklinabel  
ˇpersˇnulegur   impersonal unpers÷nlich  
ˇregluleg stigbreyting   suppletive comparison unregelmń▀ige Steigerung  
ˇreglulegur   irregular unregelmń▀ig  
ˇsamsett or­   basic word, uncompound word nicht zusammengesetztes Wort, Dekompositum  
persˇna p. person Person  
persˇnubeyging sagna   conjugation Konjugation  
persˇnufornafn   personal pronoun Personalpronomen  
persˇnulegur   personal pers÷nlich  
ra­tala   ordinal number Ordinalzahl  
sagnasamband   compound verb phrase    
sagnfylling   predicate Prńdikat  
sagnor­ (s÷gn) so. verb Verb  
samanbur­ur   comparison Komparation  
samdrßttur D contraction Kontraktion  
samhljˇ­   consonant Konsonant  
saml÷gun S assimilation Assimilation, Anpassung  
samsett or­   compound word zusammengesetztes Wort, Kompositum  
samtenging   conjunction Konjunktion  
setning   sentence Satz  
setningarli­ur   sentence constituent Phrase  
sÚrhljˇ­   vowel Vokal  
sÚrhljˇ­avÝxl   vowel alteration Vokalwechsel  
skildagatÝ­   conditional Konditional  
smßor­ (ˇbeygjanleg)   particle Partikel  
spurnaratviksor­   interrogative adverb Frageadverb  
spurnarfornafn   interrogative pronoun Interrogativpronomen  
sta­arforsetning   preposition of place Prńpositionalphrase  
sta­aratviksor­   place adverb Adverbien des Ortes  
sta­arli­ur   spatial phrase    
sta­gengill   pro-form    
sterk s÷gn   strong verb starkes Verb  
sterk beyging sb. strong declension starke Flexion  
stigbreyting   comparison Steigerung, Komparation  
stofn   stem Stamm  
stofn-r R stem-r stammhaftes R  
stofnsÚrhljˇ­   stem vowel Stammvokal  
s÷gn (sagnor­) so. verb Verb  
tala   number Numerus  
tannhljˇ­svi­skeyti   dental suffix Dentalsuffix  
tÝ­   tense Tempus  
tÝ­arsetning   temporal clause Temporalsatz  
tÝmaatviksor­   time adverb Zeitadverb  
tÝmaforsetning   preposition of time Zeitprńposition  
tÝmali­ur   temporal phrase    
tvenndarfornafn   dual pronoun    
tvÝkvŠ­ur   disyllabic zweisilbig  
tvÝtala tvt. dual Dual  
t÷luor­ to. numerals Zahlwort  
uppflettimynd        
upphrˇpun   interjektion Interjektion  
v-innskot V v-insertion v-Einschub, wa-Stńmme  
veik s÷gn   weak verb schwaches Verb  
veik beyging vb. weak declension schwache Flexion  
vi­skeyti vi­sk. suffix Suffix  
vi­skeyttur   enclitic angehńngt, enklitisch  
vi­tengingarhßttur vh. subjunctive Konjunktiv  
■ßgufall ■gf. dative Dativ  
■ßframtÝ­   second future zweites Futur  
■ßskildagatÝ­   second subjunvtive zweiter Konjunktiv  
■ßtÝ­ ■t. past tense, preterite tense Prńteritum  
■iggjandi   recipient Dativobjekt  
■olandi   patient Objekt  
■olfall ■f. accusative Akkusativ  
■olmynd ■olm. passiv voice Passiv  
÷-regla Í ÷-rule Í-Regel, u-Umlaut  

 

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