Volume 7, Issue 2 (2016)
Beyond Interdisciplinarity: Developing a Global Transdisciplinary Framework
Eve Darian-Smith and Philip McCarty
In this essay we argue that the Euro-American academy is entering a new integrative paradigm that is moving scholarly practice beyond the disciplinary/ interdisciplinary divide. Drawing on the development of interdisciplinary approaches over the past four decades, we suggest that the theoretical and analytical boundaries between conventional disciplines are becoming less relevant in the creation of lines of inquiry and knowledge production that expressly seek to explore today's complex global world. Combining interdisciplinary approaches with perspectives from the new field of Global Studies, we argue that what is emerging is a coherent, accessible and inclusive paradigm that we call a global transdisciplinary framework. The framework makes it possible to study multifaceted global-scale issues in a holistic fashion, deploying various perspectives at multiple levels and across spatial and temporal dimensions. The framework also intentionally includes previously marginalized perspectives and epistemologies in the production of new knowledge. What is being forged, we conclude, is a new paradigm that has the potential to become applicable and accessible to many scholars even when their research interests are not explicitly "global" in nature. In the longer term, it also has the potential to open up western scholarship to non-western modes of thinking, and fostering inclusive, productive and relevant globally informed scholarship.
Media-Politics-Economy-Society Interrelationship in India: Relevance of
Habermas and Chomsky
The salient focus of this paper is to locate the relevance of Jürgen Habermas and Noam Chomsky within the context of media-politics-economy interface in India. This paper argues that Indian media is in close relationship with the politics and the economy of the country, especially after the new economic policies were adopted by the then government in 1990 that opened the Indian market for foreign investments. This paved the way from publicly owned media to privatized media in India. The shift in the structure of media as an institution brought with it concomitant changes in terms of ownership, editorial policies and dissemination of news by media houses. The paper aims at decoding and explaining this shift and the emerging relationship between media, politics and economy in India adjacent to it by taking recourse to Habermas' concept of Public Sphere and Chomsky's understanding of Propaganda Model.
the mother tongues of the De-Notified tribes in India
A considerable discussion is going on the human rights of certain itinerant groups. With the Universal Declaration of Linguistic Rights, a concern related to the vanishing voices of the deprived sections should also haunt the minds of the think- tank. The present article is an attempt to perceive the mother tongues (MTs) spoken by various groups from the de-notified tribes (DNTs) in India, the itinerant groups of people who have always been looked down upon by sedentary communities for their unsettled and deviating life style. After having analyzed the official reports available and also observing the general linguistic behaviour of the DNTs, the study argues that our perception of the MTs of these groups has been predetermined by the reports of the erstwhile British colonial officials hence there is a need to revisit and describe them afresh. The study claims that the languages spoken either by the well- off or underprivileged groups of the society have their own peculiarities and `creative systems' so they need to be understood objectively.
Status of Cultural Competence
at a Health Care Service Setting in South West Ethiopia:
The Case of Jimma University Specialized Hospital
Sisay Alemayehu and Dejene Teshome
Nowadays, cultural competence has become an important component of health care services. Hence, this study intends to examine the status of cultural competence at Jimma University Specialized Hospital. We used purposive sampling technique to select physicians, patients and administrative staff informants. We then conducted non-participant observation, in depth interviews, key informant interviews and focus group discussion to generate data. The findings from this study reveal that the health care service at the specialized hospital is less in touch with cultural competence. A number of barriers impede the provision of culturally competent health care in the hospital. The study suggests that national and organization level policies should be in place to integrate cultural competence into health care services.