Volume 8, Issue 1 (2017)

Post-war Argentinian Philosophical Debates and the Peripheral Condition
Clara Ruvituso
In this paper we propose a reflection on the condition of written philosophy in Latin America, analysing the philosophical essays of three central Argentinian scholars: Francisco Romero, Carlos Astrada and Rodolfo Kusch during the controversial political context of first Peronism (1946-1955). The salient focus is the analysis of the ways in which these philosophers confronted the question of Latin American philosophy, in particular the role of the Western tradition in crisis and the question of the European, mestizo and indigenous heritage, linking these ideas with their political positions and mutual in uences within the academic field. Finally, we propose some reflections on the possibility to write philosophy in Latin America within strong centre/periphery structures and political polarisations, analysing how these factors could operate by connection and disconnection within the construction of the Argentinian philosophical field.

Not Prepared for the Crystal Ball: A Reflection on Global Governance, Leadership and Time
John Allison
Contemporary global governance is dependent on factors that are beyond the reach of nation-states. Many global issues these governments face have a time span that is now multi-generational. Issues such as climate change, population growth, technological change and radioactive waste storage are high on this expanding list. Much of the focus of leaders however is on "the now." This paper argues that contemporary states and their leaderships use inadequately developed strategies, processes and policy instruments to address longer-term issues and change.

The Ceremonial Wedding Costume in Macau: from Colonization to Globalization
Ana Cardoso, João Cordeiro
This article is part of an on-going research project about the influences on fashion tradition, following the cultural encounters between Europe and Asia (16 c.) in the context of Macau. In this text, we address how the ceremonial wedding costume was adopted in Macau, where cross-cultural and interracial marriages occurred. The analysis focuses on two historical segments: from the earlier colonial era until the end of the 19th century and from the 19th century until nowadays. The article includes a historical background of Macau, with its social classes and castes from the 16th to the 20th centuries, and the evolution of the wedding ceremonies and wedding dress in Asia, Macau and Europe, from the 16th century to nowadays.
The research combines three methodological approaches: 1) historical bibliographical research; 2) visual anthropology from paintings and early photographs; 3) interviews with traditional Macau tailors and Macanese families.

Reproductive Health and the Cost of Being a Female Student: Experiences from Jimma College of Teachers Education
Sirika Gemechu and Dejene Teshome
Young people in developing countries face a range of sexual and reproductive health problems. The problems are more complex when we take gender into account. Hence, this study explores the experiences of female college students in relation to sexual and reproductive health in Jimma college of Teachers Education, Jimma town, Southwest Ethiopia. The design follows a qualitative approach using semi structured and unstructured interviews, focus group discussions and observation for data collection. This study reveals that female students are facing visible sexual and reproductive health problems most of which are due to their gender while others do so because of poor provision of services. Therefore, the sexual and reproductive health packages in the college should take into account the gender dimension of the problem that is contextualized into local settings.